Animal Foods And Human Health

In as much as the animal foodstuffs which include meat, fish, eggs, milk and its preparations could be easy reservoirs for microorganisms which could cause infection, they could serve as very good food supplements not just for consumption but as well prophylaxis and treatment therapy to some medical ailments. Since, infection could be avoided by proper processing of the animal food; we then have a good choice in consuming the animal rekomendasi anime  foods for good living. This piece of information will place more emphasis on Fish, Meat and Egg as we get to see their medical importance.

Meat

It consists of muscle fibers held together by connective tissues. The fibers of Meat contain muscle plasma of muscle juice. It contains 1-2% salts which are chiefly chlorides and phosphates of potash. The proteins of meat which are present to the tune of about 17-20% are myosin, muscle- albumin and hemoglobin. Fat (10-20%) is often embedded in the connective tissues of meat.

Bronchial lymphatic glands should be examined for evidence of tuberculosis. If the animal has suffered from jaundice, the flesh will have a yellow tinge. The flesh of animals killed by accident, lightening or those who happen to be suffering from diseases like anthrax, rabies, glanders, general Tuberculosis and so on, should be condemned. The diseased meat should be condemned and prevented from sending into the Market. The chief diseases of animals are:

• Tuberculosis. It is practically common in Cattle and Pigs in the European Countries. It is rare in Sheep, goats and other Cattle in India. It is always present in lymphatic glands of the diseased animals. Muscles practically never get affected and it is extremely doubtful if eating meat, so affected, spreads tuberculosis. In tubercular animals when disease is generalized, the whole Carcass should be condemned as unfit for Human, consumption since that meat happens to be poor in quality and unwholesome even though it may not convey tuberculosis to consumers.

• Cysticercus. This is the embryos of tapeworms living in the muscles of animals, especially oxen and pigs, where they produce little grayish bladders or vesicles called cysts. In these tiny cysts are contained the hearts of tapeworms and when anybody happens to eat such a meat these cysts break into his stomach and let loose the heads which pass through the Intestines, get fixed to the intestinal wall and ultimately grow into grown tapeworms which may be several meters long. If meat is properly cooked, the tiny embryos are killed due to heat and in that case, they may not do much harm. All such infected meats should be condemned.

• Trichinella Spiralis. It reaches man on account of eating insufficiently cooked flesh of a pig having worms in encysted form. In pork and ram, those may be seen as white spots, large enough to be visible to the naked eye. The Adult worm lives in crypts in mucosa of small intestines. It gives rise to embryos which enter circulation and are carried into the musculature of host, where they encyst. The muscles most often affected are those of the diaphragm, larynx, tongue and abdomen. Encysted larvae remain alive for years. When these cysts are found in the slaughtered animals, the whole carcass should be condemned. Serious illness may result from Trichinosis, whole symptoms are pain, nausea, rapid pulse, fever, irregularity of bowels and death occurring due to peritonitis.

• Actinomycosis or Ray fungus. In this case, infectious agent is actinomyces Isrealii or A bovis. It is now recognized as parasite, which occurs in the meat of oxen. It may affect other cattle especially calves, pigs, horses and sheep. It occurs particularly in wet weather. The tongue, jaws and lungs are commonly affected. The post- mortem appearances closely resemble tuberculosis. In this case only the affected parts are condemned.

• Distomum Hepaticum of Liver Flukes. They resemble flat fish, each of them being 2-4cm long and 1cm wide. They are brownish in color and are found covered with little bristles. They are very common in sheep in India. The parasites are found in the liver, bile ducts and give rise to a disease called the rot. As cooking always kills the flukes, only a few cases of disease from this parasite are known to occur in man.

Fish

It is easily digested. It has a high nutritive value, though not so stimulating as meat, but generally it is less rich in fats and contains more calcium than ordinary meat. It has all the vitamins except vitamin C. Fish liver is a rich source of Vitamin A and D. Sea fish is a rich source of Iodine. There are two kinds of fish; Lean fish. It consists of small fibers and contains fat below 2%. It is easily digested. Another is the Fat fish, which consists of medium or large fibers with fat content of 2.5% or more. It is somewhat difficult to digest.

Medical usage of Fish

Some fish extracts have been discovered to be very useful in either prophylaxis or treatment of some medical conditions.

1. Cod Oil Is one of the extracts of Fish which contains high levels of Vitamin D and used for the treatment of Osteoarthritis.
2. Fish Oil contains Vitamin A and hence used for the treatment of night blindness (eyes), skin and used for normal growth of a child.
3. Fish oil also contains omega-3 fatty acids which helps in cases of high blood pressure and strong scientific evidence from Human trials show that Omega-3 fatty acid significantly reduce blood triglyceride levels and inflammation.
4. Epidemiology studies show the association of Fish oil with reduced death rates of heart diseases, improved blood vessel functioning and decreased resting heart rate.
5. Research has indicated the great importance of Fish Oil supplementation from the twenty second week of pregnancy until delivery improves the living condition of fetus and the mother.

 

 

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