Japanese Anime History

Anime History

With the U.S. occupation at the end of World War II, many Japanese artists had contact with Western culture and influenced by U.S. pop culture, designers in the beginning of career began to know the comics and cartoons in its modern form. There were traders who smuggled rolls of American movies, Disney cartoons and others.

Among the major artists who were involved with this art, were Osamu Tezuka, Shotaro Ishinomori and Leiji Matsumoto. These three men, were later enshrined in the manga market. In the 1950s, influenced by the media that came from the West, many artists and studios began to develop projects for experimental animation.

By the time that manga was the king of media born the pioneer anime of success: Hakujaden (The Legend of White Snake) premiered on October 22, 1958, the first production released in commercial circuit of Toei Animation, the animation division of Toei Company and Manga Calendar. Especially the first anime made for television, broadcast by TBS with studio production Otogi on June 25, 1962, which lasted two years.

Soon after, on January 1, 1963, Astro Boy was released, based on the manga by Osamu Tezuka, as with the aesthetic character with big eyes and spiky hair coming from the printed version. Astro Boy eventually became a starter for the largest industry in the world of animation, also winning the U.S. public. Tezuka was an idol in Japan and its popularity gave him money to invest in their own production company, Mushi Productions. Other producers have invested in this new industry and was born anime classics like Eight Man, Super Dynamo (Paa Man), but still precarious and with few resources, unlike American animations.

In 1967, there were four films and fourteen animated series in Japan, including The Princess Knight, Fantomas and Speed Racer, the first with major international projection.


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